Tuesday, 27 December 2011

C program to find the determinant and inverse of two matrices using recursion



#include<stdio.h>
#include<math.h>
float detrm(float[25][25],float);
void cofact(float[25][25],float);
void trans(float[25][25],float[25][25],float);
main()
{
float a[25][25],k,d;
int i,j;
printf("Enter the order of the matrix\n");
scanf("%f",&k);
printf("Enter the elements of the matrix\n");
for(i=0;i<k;i++)
{
for(j=0;j<k;j++)
{
scanf("%f",&a[i][j]);
}
}
d=detrm(a,k);
printf("Deteminant = %f",d);
if(d==0)
printf("\nMatrix is not inversible\n");
else
cofact(a,k);
}

float detrm(float a[25][25],float k)
{
float s=1,det=0,b[25][25];
int i,j,m,n,c;
if(k==1)
{
return(a[0][0]);
}
else
{
det=0;
for(c=0;c<k;c++)
{
m=0;
n=0;
for(i=0;i<k;i++)
{
for(j=0;j<k;j++)
{
b[i][j]=0;
if(i!=0&&j!=c)
{
b[m][n]=a[i][j];
if(n<(k-2))
n++;
else
{
n=0;
m++;
}
}
}
}
det=det+s*(a[0][c]*detrm(b,k-1));
s=-1*s;
}
}
return(det);
}

void cofact(float num[25][25],float f)
{
float b[25][25],fac[25][25];
int p,q,m,n,i,j;
for(q=0;q<f;q++)
{
for(p=0;p<f;p++)
{
m=0;
n=0;
for(i=0;i<f;i++)
{
for(j=0;j<f;j++)
{
b[i][j]=0;
if(i!=q&&j!=p)
{
b[m][n]=num[i][j];
if(n<(f-2))
n++;
else
{
n=0;
m++;
}
}
}
}
fac[q][p]=pow(-1,q+p)*detrm(b,f-1);
}
}
trans(num,fac,f);
}

void trans(float num[25][25],float fac[25][25],float r)
{
int i,j;
float b[25][25],inv[25][25],d;
for(i=0;i<r;i++)
{
for(j=0;j<r;j++)
{
b[i][j]=fac[j][i];
}
}
d=detrm(num,r);
inv[i][j]=0;
for(i=0;i<r;i++)
{
for(j=0;j<r;j++)
{
inv[i][j]=b[i][j]/d;
}
}
printf("\nThe inverse of the matrix :\n");
for(i=0;i<r;i++)
{
for(j=0;j<r;j++)
{
printf("\t%f",inv[i][j]);
}
printf("\n");
}
}




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1 Comments

1 comment:

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